AI FOR INTERIOR APPLICATIONS
AI not as a replacement for human thinking or problem-solving, but in accelerating design functions that are most efficient when handled by a computer. In collaboration with various data scientist in the bay area.
SUSTAINABILITY IN FASHION, LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT
NET ZERO ENERGY COMPACT HOUSING
Sarah Watson, Deputy Director at Citizens Housing & Planning Council, New York;
Affordable, net zero and energy efficient housing is one of the most pressing issues facing major metropolitan areas today. Our goal was to expand 21st housing options to meet the needs of changing urban demographics, sustainability targets and alternative energy requirements, all through smartly researched and elegantly designed housing and public space solutions.
PASSIVE SOLAR SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIES
Independent Research + Godfried L. Augenbroe, Year: 2014
Non-linearity of the effects of air and radiant temp, airflow, humidity and ventilation were analyzed; seeking new solar passive energy techniques for various climate zones.
NET ZERO ENERGY AFFORDABLE HOUSING
We are moving towards urbanization at a rapid rate both in the US and globally. More than 70 percent of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050. This calls for new denser housing types with more vitality and efficiency to be designed around the concepts of walkability and transportation access with proximity to essential nodes such as cultural and entertainment centers, health services and education centers.
We currently have the technology to be entirely off-grid. How do we incorporate this into an affordable housing system and deliver the benefits to a broader portion of our population? How do we integrate both energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies to reach net-zero energy in an affordable housing model? By optimizing the building envelope and orientation of each compartment, using affordable energy appliances, incorporation of both natural and artificial lighting in smarter ways, utilizing natural ventilation, optimizing air flow, capturing runoff and reducing the urban heat island effect we tackled the design of these affordable units in Atlanta’s tricky climate zone.
VERTICAL FARMING, FUTURE FOOD PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
+ Judy O’Buck Gordon, Architect, Year: 2012
Rapid population increase, habits of urbanization, climate change and diminishing water supply channels result in a rapid decrease of our resources for agricultural purposes.
Vertical farming is an urban solution for improving our future food production system, designed to reduce our footprint by using advanced technology and design methodologies to optimize the production system through the whole cycle.
SOLAR PASSIVE ENERGY ANALYSIS IN ANCIENT ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE
Independent Research + Dr. Sonit Bafna, Year: 2009
Oscillating between solar passive design strategies and solar active technological solutions, a new curiosity arose to analyze how passive strategies were used in ancient Islamic architecture. The many techniques and methodologies in providing shading, increasing humidity levels, cooling and ventilation in hot climates, such as the Middle East were analyzed and archived to enrich the discourse on future projects in sustainable design and development.
TEACHING, MATERIAL AND TECTONICS
Teaching: Demirchelie Studio, KSU Department of Architecture
Studio Focus: Tectonics and Wearable Architecture
Published Content: Crafting Values, by Elaheh Demirchelie + Dr. Arief Setiwan, National Conference on the Beginning Design Student, 09.12.2016
Our primary intent for the first year studio is teaching the incoming students first and foremost the thought process. Teaching fundamental skills comes at the secondary position. We envision that a good designer is a responsible and sensible designer. Our approach is primarily formal, in which we teach students to identify, document, and alter formal properties and qualities of the built-environment. Our challenge is to direct the findings beyond the formal properties of design processes and inform the students to broaden their investigation to engage in an understanding of the values in the decision making process.
We asked ourselves, how can we link visual literacy with the sense of responsibilities? How can we use drawings and models as an interlocutor to stimulate the thoughts on ethical values and responsibilities? For this purpose, we design the first semester as a series of interlinked modules in which students proceed from exploring the ephemeral and qualitative to the quantitative properties to materiality before they are tasked with designing wearable architecture.
This study intends to be a reflection of our pedagogy for the beginning design student. It documents our pedagogical approach in our efforts to engage the notion of values in design and the decision making process. In this study, we will record our findings and challenges in the learning trajectory. The study will also engage literature pertaining to design thinking and to ethics in design.
PEDAGOGY, CRAFTING VALUES
Elaheh Demirchelie + Arief Setiawan
The Craftsman, Richard Sennett challenges the distinction between manual labor and intellectual work. He argues that craftsmanship is not only about developing technical skills, but also about deeper cognitive values. He points out that manual labor meant an engagement with the material world, in which a person had to deal with challenges and resistance that emerged out of material conditions. Learning to achieve good craftsmanship would allow one to learn to negotiate, to work with resisting forces, and even to sympathize with the material world. In this vein, Sennett argues that craftsmanship in making artifacts could inform a person in experiences in social life. Thus, craftsmanship possesses ethical and political dimensions.
The design foundation studio in our institution tended to emphasize on providing basic knowledge and skills in design, mainly in formal principles and techniques in representation and fabrication. However, within this context, we would like to activate our vision that a good designer is a responsible and sensible designer who is sensitive to existing conditions. For this purpose, we took from Sennett’ meditation on craftsmanship two keywords, that is, engagement and negotiation.
We devised a project on wearable architecture as a way to introduce the engagement with materials and the human body. More specifically, we framed the project as a series of negotiations with materials, the human body, the collective, and time. We choreographed the project as a set of exercises, each of which challenged students not only to discover formal and tectonic properties and act on those discoveries, but also to question appropriate design responses that took into considerations the impacts on the body, the others, and the environment.
Students first explored materials derived from found objects. Then, they worked in pair to study properties and limits of the body and also to engage with the dynamics of social interactions. We asked students to develop design iterations based on findings and considerations of materials and the human body. Further, we challenged students to work within time constraints.
Students had to produce a full-scale artifact. In the end, students formed groups to test their design iterations on their peers. Along the way, we emphasized the documentation of the process, the findings and the thought process through drawings, models, mock-ups, and diagrams. In this vein, we ask how can we activate drawings and models as an interlocutor to stimulate the thoughts and conversations on the sense of responsibilities and values?
FUNDAMENTALS OF DRAWING AND MODEL MAKING | STUDENT WORK | WEARABLE ARCHITECTURE
The students body of work includes perspectives, axonometrics, graphics and composition, process of drawing analysis, sculpting and model making by hand.
Shane Carroll, material focus: corrugated plastic
Wesley Shaw, material focus: paper, cardboard and plastic
Nicole Crawford, material focus: recycled glass pieces and wire
Reese Zimmerman, material focus: paper in various thicknesses
Nathalia Weston, general focus: tension and compression in various plastic tubes
Juan Martinez, general focus: modularity and overlap
Juan Kinshasa, general focus: mis-behaving triangles in a behaving system
Joshua Ramirez, general focus: light filtration, repetition and layering;
Brandon Bates, general focus: geometrical layering and composition.